El Niño and its Relationship to Changing background Conditions in the Tropical Pacific Ocean 2019-05-16

Atmosphere and Climate central pacific climate change models eastern pacific el niño greenhouse ocean pacific ocean

This paper addresses the question of whether the increased occurrence of central Pacific (CP) versus Eastern
Pacific (EP) El Niños is consistent with greenhouse gas forced changes in the background state of the tropical Pacific as inferred from global climate change models.

The analysis uses high‐quality satellite and in situ ocean data combined with wind data from atmospheric reanalyses for the past 31 years (1980–2010).

Supplementary Livelihood Options for Pacific Island Communities: A Review of Experiences 2019-04-30

Built Environment livelihood sl slopic supplementary livelihood

This report presents results from the Supplementary Livelihoods Options for Pacific Island Communities (SLOPIC) study, carried out by the Foundation of the Peoples of the South Pacific International (FSPI) using New Zealand Aid (NZAid) core funds.

The main aim of this study was to review supplementary livelihood (SL) projects that have taken place across the South Pacific over the past 5 to 10 years, with a view to extracting ‘lessons learned’ and identifying the determinants of success. he single most significant finding that emerged from the review process was the lack of documentation of SL efforts.

Guidance Document on Improving National Reporting by Parties to the Basel Convention 2019-04-30

Land Built Environment Coastal and Marine basel convention guidance hazardous waste national reporting reporting waste

The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous and their Disposal (the Basel Convention) is the broadest and most significant international treaty on hazardous and other wastes.

This guidance document is primarily meant to be a practical guide for the national technical officials responsible for the collection of information for the preparation of the national reports that are to be submitted annually to the Secretariat of the Basel Convention.

Regional coastal susceptibility assessment for the Pacific Islands 2019-05-07

Atmosphere and Climate Coastal and Marine climate change coastal assessment paccsap susceptibility

A major objective of this report was to develop a regional assessment of Pacific Island sensitivity to projected
climate change as a component of the Pacific-Australia Climate Change Science and Adaptation Planning
(PACCSAP) program. The PACCSAP Program is intended to help partner countries including Cook Islands, Fiji,
Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa,
Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu and their communities better understand and respond to climate associated impacts.

SPREP core national environment indicators 2019-08-07

Atmosphere and Climate Land Biodiversity Built Environment Coastal and Marine Culture and Heritage Inland Waters environmental indicators mea multilateral environment agreements sdg sustainable development goals

This list of indicators was developed through the Inform project at SPREP for use by Pacific Islands countries (PICs) to meet their national and international reporting obligations. The indicators are typically adopted by PICs for their State of Environment reports and are intended to be re-used for a range of MEA and SDG reporting targets. The indicators have been designed to be measurable and repeatable so that countries can track key aspect of environmental health over time. The indicators are mapped to key MEA and SDG reporting targets and can be used with the Indicator Reporting Tool (also developed by the Inform project) to reduce the burden of environmental reporting on PICs. Indicators can be used as is, adapted for countries needs, or used in conjunction with other national-scale indicators selected by PICs. This dataset includes a summary pdf document and an associated excel file with more detail.

MEA Negotiator's Handbook 2019-04-30

Atmosphere and Climate Land Biodiversity Built Environment Coastal and Marine Culture and Heritage Inland Waters handbook mea multilateral environmental agreements negotiations negotiator

The number of multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) and institutions has grown steadily over the last few decades. The work taking place under these agreements and within these institutions is increasing in volume and specificity, and it is having an increasingly substantive impact, particularly as there is an increasing focus on practical implementation.

This edition of the Multilateral Environmental Agreement Negotiator’s Handbook principally to respond to the need for a practical reference tool to assist in addressing the many complex challenges in such negotiations.

Marine Protected Area Networks in the Coral Triangle : Development and Lessons 2019-04-30

Coastal and Marine coral triangle corals marine life marine protected areas mpa pacific ocean

The Coral Triangle is a marine area located in the western Pacific Ocean. It includes the waters of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Timor Leste and Solomon Islands.

This book provides a comprehensive summary of the current status of six different MPA networks and their complexities. It analyzes MPA networks through their various stages of development including planning and design, implementation and evaluation as they are emerging within and around the Coral Triangle.

Atolls – the “biodiversity cool spots” vs hot spots: a critical new focus for research and conservation 2019-05-15

Biodiversity atolls biodiversity biodiversity crisis conservation ecosystem french polynesia kiribati marshall islands tokelau tuamotu archipelago tuvalu

This paper highlights the seriousness of the “biodiversity crisis” on atolls and the need to place greater research and conservation emphasis on atolls and other small island ecosystems. It is based on studies over the past twenty years conducted in the atolls of Tuvalu, Tokelau, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands and the Tuamotu Archipelago of French Polynesia. It stresses that atolls offer some of the greatest opportunities for integrated studies of simplified small-island ecosystems.

MGCP Topographic Dataset 2019-12-04

basemap geo gis spatial topo

The Multi-national Geospatial Co-production Program (MGCP) is a coalition of over 30 countries dedicated to producing high-resolution topographic vector data throughout high interest areas of the world. Data is extracted from high resolution imagery in 1° x 1° cells at a scale of 1:50 000. All data produced must meet a minimum horizontal circular error accuracy of 25m and meet MGCP Technical Reference Documentation (TRD) specifications, which details extraction guidelines and feature catalogues to ensure consistency. Cell and subregion metadata delivered in XML files based on ISO standards 19115 for geographic content and 19139 for XML implementation is available for the data.

Data: boundaries and markers, hydrography (rivers, lakes, waterfalls,…), industry, physiography (soil surface, volcano areas,…), place names, population (buildings,…), transportation (roads, runways,…), utilities, vegetation.

Disaster response and climate change in the Pacific 2019-04-28

Atmosphere and Climate adaptive capacity climate change cook islands disaster disaster response fiji resilience samoa vanuatu

Disasters, and therefore disaster response, in the Pacific are expected to be affected by climate change. This research addressed this issue, and focused on the immediate humanitarian needs following a disaster, drawing upon adaptive capacity as a concept to assess the resilience of individual organisations and the robustness of the broader system of disaster response..

Four case study countries (Fiji, Cook Islands, Vanuatu and Samoa) were chosen for deeper investigation of the range of issues present in the Pacific.

Community Based Actions in Small Island Developing States - Best Practices from the Equator Initiative 2019-05-02

Land Biodiversity Built Environment Coastal and Marine Culture and Heritage Inland Waters atlantic ocean carribbean community-based actions ecotourism endangered species equator initiative indian ocean marine conservation network developmen reforestation sids small island developing states

This publication features fourteen (14) case studies from small island developing states from the Caribbean,
the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Pacific Ocean. The stories range from conserving marine resources
and endangered species to initiatives in ecotourism, reforestation and network development.

The is a companion piece to Island Innovations—UNDP and GEF: Leveraging Environment and Energy for the Sustainable Development of SIDS, a joint UNDP and GEF (Global Environment Facility) book launched at the Third International Conference on Small Island Developing States, 2014.

Coastal proximity of populations in 22 Pacific Island Countries and Territories 2019-10-20

Land Coastal and Marine coastal population

A recently published paper, titled “Coastal proximity of populations in 22 Pacific Island Countries and Territories” details the methodology used to undertake the analysis and presents the findings.

Purpose

  • This analysis aims to estimate populations settled in coastal areas in 22 Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTS) using the data currently available. In addition to the coastal population estimates, the study compares the results obtained from the use of national population datasets (census) with those derived from the use of global population grids.

  • Accuracy and reliability from national and global datasets derived results have been evaluated to identify the most suitable options to estimate size and location of coastal populations in the region.

A collaborative project between the Pacific Community (SPC), WorldFish and the University of Wollongong has produced the first detailed population estimates of people living close to the coast in the 22 Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs).

State of the Environment Toolkit 2019-01-24

Atmosphere and Climate Land Biodiversity Built Environment Coastal and Marine Culture and Heritage Inland Waters guideline soe soe guide soe help soe indicators soe template soe toolkit state of the environment toolkit

State of Environment (SoE) Reports provide in-country partners with a process to gather data on current environmental indicators, document their status, and formulate a plan for keeping these indicators on track or developing policies and programs as needed. This SoE Toolkit dataset contains all resources serve as guides to help partners create up-to-date reports.

Practical training in sustainable sanitation for Tuvalu 2019-10-02

Built Environment waste water

Under the International Waters Project (IWP) in Tuvalu, a pilot project was established to address
“waste” with the aim of reducing the contamination of groundwater and coastal water by human
and animal waste.
Community-based activities included “low-tech” solutions to addressing environmental
degradation while national level activities involved activities with a more strategic institutional
focus. A Communications and Sanitation Training Programme was designed to investigate the
current understanding of poor sanitation in Tuvalu, raise awareness of its cost to public and
environmental health, and promote possible solutions.

Tuvalu Renewable Energy Study - Current Energy Use and Potential for Renewable Energies 2019-10-01

Atmosphere and Climate Built Environment climate change fossil fuels greenhouse gas solar

Tuvalu’s environment is under pressure: sea-water rise contaminating the soil with salt, direct impact
on waste and sewage systems from rising human density contributing to further damage. The 1987 UN
Brundlandt report has definitely shown the existing link between environment/ecology and
development /economy. Tomorrow’s economy stems from today’s environment. Investing in the
quality of soil, avoiding water pollution, protecting natural resources especially energy sources as well
as fighting against climate change will largely determine the success of Tuvalu’s development for this
new century.
The current study concerning renewable energy potential and implementation in Tuvalu is at the
crossroad of 2 issues, each with major strategic implications: climate change threats and worldwide oil
crises.
Given this context, what can renewable energy contribute to Tuvalu’s benefit?
Analysis of Tuvalu’s energy consumption reveals the following characteristics:
• Tuvalu’s economy is almost totally dependant on oil. Only around 18% comes from local biomass
resources, which is not accounted for in official statistics and is not the object of any active policy.
• Consumption for transportation: primarily sea transport and recently, road transport, account for
over 50% of total current energy consumption.
• Prime importance of electricity production: courtesy of a Japanese aid program, an initiative to
reinforce production with new diesel generators is slated to be implemented on Funafuti in 2006
continuing Tuvalu’s dependence on imported oil.
• The 3rd highest energy consumption, thermal use (cooking, boiling water for drinking, sanitary hot
water), is mainly provided by biomass.

Mapping Mining to SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) 2019-09-10

Land mining sdg sustainable development goals

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) represent the world’s plan of action for social inclusion, environmental sustainability and economic development. The mining industry has an unprecedented opportunity to mobilize significant human, physical, technological and financial resources to advance the SDGs.

Mining is a global industry and is often located in remote, ecologically sensitive and less-developed areas that include many indigenous lands and territories. When managed appropriately, it can create jobs, spur innovation and bring investment and infrastructure at a game-changing scale over long time horizons. Yet, if managed poorly, mining can also lead to environmental degradation, displaced populations, inequality and increased conflict, among other challenges.

By mapping the linkages between mining and the SDGs, the aim of this Atlas is to encourage mining companies of all sizes to incorporate relevant SDGs into their business and operations, validate their current efforts and spark new ideas.

GEOSS Portal 2019-08-29

geo map maps satellite spatial

The GEOSS Portal is an online map-based user interface which allows users to discover and access Earth observation data and resources from different providers from all over the world.
The portal is implemented and operated by the European Space Agency and provides a single internet discovery and access point to the ever-growing quantities of heterogeneous collections of Earth observations from satellites, airplanes, drones and in-situ sensors at global, regional and local scales through the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS).
The GEOSS is a social and software ecosystem connecting a large array of observing systems, data systems and processing services to strengthen monitoring of the state of the Earth. It facilitates data and information accessibility and interoperability to support the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) agenda and the Disaster Risk Reduction.

Pacific Catastrophe Risk Assessment and Financing Initiative (PCRAFI) 2019-08-29

aerial bathymetry exposure hazard imagery landuse loss map satellite soil spatial topography

The Pacific Catastrophe Risk Assessment and Financing Initiative (PCRAFI) aims to provide the Pacific Island Countries (PICs) with disaster risk modeling and assessment tools. It also aims to engage in a dialogue with the PICs on integrated financial solutions for the reduction of their financial vulnerability to natural disasters and to climate change. The initiative is part of the broader agenda on disaster risk management and climate change adaptation in the Pacific region. Additionally, the Pacific Disaster Risk Assessment Project provides 15 countries with disaster risk assessment tools to help them better understand, model, and assess their exposure to natural disasters.

Mapping Ocean Wealth Explorer 2019-08-29

Biodiversity Coastal and Marine blue carbon coastal protection coral reef fisheries mangrove map maps recreation spatial tourism

The Mapping Ocean Wealth data viewer is a live online resource for sharing understanding of the value of marine and coastal ecosystems to people. It includes global maps, regionally-specific studies, reference data, and a number of “apps” providing key data analytics. Maps and apps can be opened according to key themes or geographies. The navigator the left of the maps enables you to add or remove any additional map layers as you explore. Information keys explain how the maps were made and provide additional links. Further information and resources can be found on Oceanwealth.org

  • Recreation and Tourism App - Explore the value of healthy ecosystems to the tourism industry
  • Natural Coastal Protection App - Discover the coastal protection benefits of coral reefs around the world
  • Blue Carbon App - View Mangrove Carbon Storage
  • Coral Reef Fisheries App - Learn about the status of coral reef fisheries
  • Regional Planning
  • Mangrove Restoration

UN Biodiversity Lab 2019-08-29

Atmosphere and Climate Land Biodiversity Coastal and Marine biodiversity carbon climate ecosystem services human impact land cover map maps marine natural hazards protected areas restoration socio-economic spatial

The UN Biodiversity Lab is an online platform that allows policymakers and other partners to access global data layers, upload and manipulate their own datasets, and query multiple datasets to provide key information on the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and nature-based Sustainable Development Goals.

The core mission of the UN Biodiversity Lab is three-fold: to build spatial literacy to enable better decisions, to use spatial data as a vehicle for improved transparency and accountability, and to apply insights from spatial data across sectors to deliver on the Convention on Biological Diversity and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

PacificMap 2019-08-29

map maps spatial

The PacificMap is a platform developed by CSIRO Data61 and the Pacific Data Hub (PDH) in collaboration with the Pacific Community Secretariat (SPC), as part of the Asia - Pacific for Development Initiative (D4D). The PacificMap is a platform for map-based access to spatial data from 22 Pacific Island Countries and Territories. It will lower the barrier and enhance access to timely, relevant and useful data for government and non-government organisations, businesses and communities throughout the Pacific.

The PacificMap...
* provides easy access to authoritative and other spatial data to government, business and the public
* facilitates the opening of data by federal, state and local government bodies
* provides an open framework of geospatial data services that supports commercial and community innovation
* allows to create and share interactgive stories directly from your map

To see what data is available on the Pacific Map, refer to the Data Catalogue in the Pacific Map itself. Click the Add data button and expand a category to browse.

Framework for Pacific Regionalism 2019-08-27

Atmosphere and Climate Land Biodiversity Built Environment Coastal and Marine Culture and Heritage Inland Waters framework governance inclusive pacific regionalism regionalism

Forum Leaders embrace Pacific regionalism as:

The expression of a common sense of identity and purpose, leading progressively to the sharing of institutions, resources, and markets, with the purpose of complementing national efforts, overcoming common constraints, and enhancing sustainable and inclusive development within Pacific countries and territories and for the Pacific region as a whole

Principal objectives are;

• Sustainable development that combines economic social, and cultural development in ways that improve livelihoods and well-being and use the environment sustainably;
• Economic growth that is inclusive and equitable;
• Strengthened governance, legal, financial, and administrative systems; and
• Security that ensures stable and safe human, environmental and political for all

Inform Project Regional Meeting 2019 2019-08-05

Atmosphere and Climate Land Biodiversity Built Environment Coastal and Marine Culture and Heritage Inland Waters capacity building inform project regional meeting

The objective of this regional meeting is to build the capacity of the 14 project target countries, with an aim to build an open data community amongst the users of the national data portals and inform outputs. This is intended to improve south-south collaboration, enhance the opportunity for sustainability and increase the feeling of ownership and belonging amongst the project countries.

This will be delivered by real world application of Inform developed processes and tools, focused on a common area to all countries; protected areas.

The 2019 annual Steering Committee meeting will also be convened.

Venue : Sheraton Aggie Greys Hotel & Bungalows, Apia - Samoa
Dates : 19th - 22nd August 2019

Lome II Photovoltaic Follow-Up Project: Tuvalu Final Country Report 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This paper provides a brief summary of the Tuvalu experience with the Lomé II Regional PV Follow-Up Programme. The paper also covers the work carried out through the Lomé III PV Programme which was funded under Tuvalu’s National Indicative Programme (NIP) . The Lomé II and III programmes were a joint undertaking and were implemented simultaneously. Wherever the Lomé II programme is referenced, it also refers to the Lomé III programme.

The paper addresses the following issues: hardware and equipment, training goals and objectives, technical and administrative support, problem areas encountered, integration with other PV projects, and future (external) technical support requirements for the continued development of PV in Tuvalu.

keywords: Lome II, solar, PV, renewable energy, rural electrification

Case Study: 100% Renewable Energy Islands in Tuvalu, Fiji and Tonga 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This report was prepared by K. Raghavan for the Inter-regional advisor and the University of West Indies Center for Energy and Development.

Eleven islands on three SIDS in the South Pacific have been selected for this Case Study (eight islands in Tuvalu, two in Fiji and one in Tonga). The selection criteria included: · The government of the island state should be strongly interested in making one or more of their islands into “100% RE Islands”.

This Case Study was carried out primarily because Espen Ronneberg, Inter-regional Advisor, SIDS wanted to investigate the possibility of having a few “100% Renewable Energy Islands” on SIDS.

Keywords: Tuvalu, Fiji, Tonga, Renewable Energy (RE), Smaill Island Developing State (SIDS), 100% RE Movement

Pacific Regional Education Framework (PacREF) 2018 - 2030: Moving Towards Education 2030 2019-07-10

education human rights pacific regionalism students sustainable development

Forum Leaders’ Pacific Vision promotes peace, harmony, security, social inclusion, and prosperity where all Pacific people can lead-free and healthy lives. The Framework for Pacific Regionalism represents the Forum Leaders ongoing political commitment to work together as one region in order to achieve this vision. In 2017, Forum Leaders endorsed The Blue Pacific Narrative as the core driver of collective action for advancing the Leaders’ Pacific Vision. This narrative reaffirms our shared ownership of the Pacific Ocean and the connection of all Pacific peoples with their natural resources, environment, and livelihoods, and aims to harness their shared ocean identity, geography and resources to drive positive socio-cultural, political and economic development. The adoption of the Pacific Regional Education Framework (PacREF) 2018 – 2030 by Forum Education Ministers in 2018, outlined a transformative and sustainable regional education agenda aligned with global agendas such as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) particularly SDG4, the education goal and Education 2030: Incheon Declaration on Education for All Framework for Action. The PacREF’s four key policy areas of Quality and Relevance, Learning Pathways, Students Outcomes and Wellbeing and Teacher Professionalism will support the Forum Leaders’ Pacific Vision over the next twelve years.

Solid Waste Management in the Pacific Series (2014) collection of reports 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This series outlines the status of solid waste management in ADB's Pacific member economies and recommends key points for action to address challenges related to solid waste management.

Reports available:

  1. Cook Islands Country Snapshot
  2. Fiji Country Snapshot
  3. Kiribati Country Snapshot
  4. RMI Country Snapshot
  5. FSM Country Snapshot
  6. Nauru Country Snapshot
  7. Palau Country Snapshot
  8. PNG Country Snapshot
  9. Samoa Country Snapshot
  10. SI Country Snapshot
  11. Timor -Leste Country Snapshot
  12. Tonga Country Snapshot
  13. Tuvalu Country Snapshot
  14. Vanuatu Country Snapshot
  15. Appropriate Technologies
  16. Financial Arrangements
  17. Institutional arrangements

Referenced reports were accessed from the ADB site  - https://www.adb.org/publications/series/solid-waste-management-pacific 

Publisher: Pacific Data Hub Contact Point: Pacific Data Hub Source: Tuvalu Environment Data Portal

The Regional Institutional Wood-fired Stoves Project in the Fiji Islands, Kiribati, Tonga and Tuvalu (an evaluation of Phase II/Stage one), June 2001 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

Evaluation of the Institutional Woodstoves in Kiribati, Phase II, Stage One : SOPAC had been providing financial assistance towards the design and the construction of woodstoves in Kiribati. This assistance was delivered through the FSP and it had a major training component aimed at enabling local people to build and maintain the woodstoves. Objectives of this activity was to carry out an evaluation of the Institutional Woodstoves project and to provide recommendations as to the
future focus of SOPAC's assistance in this area. This phase of the project concluded 2 institutional woodstoves constructed in Kiribati, at the Seventh Day Adventist Church Compound (South Tarawa) and the
Rural Training Centre – Marakei Island.

Energy and Poverty in the Pacific Island Countries: Challenges and the Way Forward 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This report was prepared by the UNDP. The report highlights that access to affordable and sustainable sources of energy has strong linkages with the reduction of poverty/hardship, i.e. if poverty/hardship reduction is an objective, then the provision of energy is an essential prerequisite. In the PICs, where poverty/hardship is often viewed as the lack of access to basic services, opportunities and adequate resources, the case for energy provisioning and access is particularly strong. Provision of essential social services such as health and primary education require energy services. In addition, energy services have positive impacts on gender, the environment and provide an improved quality of life. Furthermore, in many cases the provision of modern energy sources increases the opportunities for income generation.

Keywords: UNDP, Energy and poverty, energy services, gender

Pacific Lighthouses: Renewable Energy Roadmapping for Islands - IRENA 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

IRENAs multi-faceted work in the region is reflected in Pacific Lighthouses: Renewable Energy Roadmapping for Islands. The main report, intended to provide a framework for further action, is supported by 15 reports on specific islands and a document detailing hybrid
power systems for the Pacific. Together, these reports identify key concepts, challenges and best practices for the accelerated uptake of renewable energy in the
region. The aim is to provide island governments and, indeed, all stakeholders, with baseline information to assist in the development of local renewable energy deployment roadmaps, as well as strengthening the implementation of regional initiatives. IRENA’s Pacific Lighthousesset of reports aims to provide a better understanding of current energy conditions in the Pacific Islands region and to facilitate the continued assessment of challenges and opportunities for the deployment of RE in island environments. The set also constitutes an IRENA input for the Third International Conference on Small Island Developing States to be held in Samoa, 1-4 September 2014.

Powering up Remote Tuvalu through - Sustainable energy For Nukufetau, Nui and Nukulaelae 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This report was prepared by the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SREP). Report is produced in partnership between the Government of Tuvalu, EU, supported by NZMFAT, Government of Finland and PIGGAREP. PIGGAREP is funded through the Global Environment Facility (GEF), implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Samoa, and executed by the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP).

In February 2015, PIGGAREP sent a small team to the remote islands of Tuvalu to find out about how access to 24-hour solar power looks set to change people’s lives. This publication, and a companion film, document some of the discussions between the PIGGAREP team and local communities about the many benefits that will come about as a result of powering up remote Tuvalu by solar.

keywords: solar, renewable energy, rural electrification, outer islands, awareness, TEC

Pacific Energy Loan Programme Market Survey (2012) 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

The following survey report reviews the energy sector market and development finance institutions in seven Pacific Island Countries for establishing energy loan programs similar to the program established at the National Development Bank of Palau.

The loan program at the NDBP finances energy efficiency (EE) in new and existing homes and renewable energy (RE) for homes and businesses. Renewable energy programs presently promoted by the NDBP are photovoltaic (PV) generators tied to the electric grid or standalone systems (though no restrictions are placed on NDBP for financing other renewable energy projects).

This market survey was made possible by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Oceania Regional Office (IUCN-ORO) with funding from the Pacific Islands Greenhouse Gas Abatement through Renewable Energy Programme (PIGGAREP).

The report is available as a final draft.

PIGGAREP Quarterly Progress Report 4th Quarter 2013 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

PIGGAREP 4th quarter progress report for 2013. The fourth quarter of 2013 noted the following key achievements: Administrative and financial matters: Project expenditure for PIGGAREP by 31.12.2013 was 849,000. This brings the total expenditure of PIGGAREP up to 4,403,435 million USD, leaving the remaining available funds for 2014 at 821,564 USD. The first financial disbursement to the PIGGAREP+ countries (Tonga, Palau, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Federated States of Micronesia and the Marshall Islands) was done in Q4 2013. The six countries have started recruitment processes and procurement assessments in order to launch project activities. The 19 th PIGGAREP Project Board Meeting was held in Fiji, 2 December. Se – draft minutes attached as Annex 2. Country activities: The Solomon Islands continued their Tina Hydropower plant awareness activity, reaching more than 2,000 people in and around the Tina River in Guadalcanal with information about the benefits and possible environmental damages from setting up a hydropower scheme. Niue approaches the final stages of their awareness raising activity related to solar power This activity involved TV and radio advertisements and public awareness talks that involved schools students and public competing in renewable energy essays, posters and general quizzes. Around 95 percent of the Niue population of about 1400 is reached. Tuvalu started the review of their tariff policy. Tonga started the updating of their school curriculum, where the curriculum of students from grade 1 to grade 12 will be updated. Nauru started training in solar power. The training covers the basic operation and maintenance of solar PV systems. More that 10 Nauru Utility Corporation Staff and some government officers were trained. The aim to ensure local capacity to maintain the various donor funded solar PV project in Nauru. Tuvalu started the training of senior officers on roof-top solar PV-installation, including system design, operation, grid management, remote system monitoring, net metering, p oject management. 2 people have started the training that will last for 30 weeks. The Solomon Islands has installed the first of four wind monitoring mast that will provide information about the wind power potential on the islands. The Cook Islands has finalized feasibility studies of solar in Nassau, Penrhyn and Palmerston.

Performance Benchmarking for Pacific Power Utilities report, June 2015:Baseline year of Study - 2012 Fiscal Year 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This report is a publication of the Pacific Power Association (PPA). The report is based upon the 2012 fiscal reporting year relevant to each utility. Presents the results of the 3rd successive annual assessment of Pacific electricity utility performance since the initiative resumed in 2011. Report prepared by PPA with technical support from the Pacific Region Infrastructure Facility (PRIF).

Report was sourced from the PPA website - http://www.ppa.org.fj/publication-report/ 

 Keywords - Utilities benchmarking report, PPA benchmarking report, 2012 PPA benchmarking report

Publisher: Pacific Data Hub Contact Point: Pacific Data Hub Source: Tuvalu Environment Data Portal

Reports for the project to "Update the FAESP energy security indicators: 2009-2015" 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

The 3rd phase of the “Technical assistance to update the energy security indicators for the framework for action on energy security in the Pacific“  began in October  2013 with the aim  to:

  • To strengthen SPC’s capacity, as lead regional energy agency to compile accurate, reliable and consistent energy security indicators for the period 2010 to  2012 for all 14 FICs in a timely manner
  • To support effective energy sector management and decision making in the PICs, by enabling  access by national energy offices, other national stakeholders and CROPs, other regional agencies and development partners to accurate, reliable and consistent regional energy security data for the past three years, including analysis of trends over time, comparison with baseline and analysis of key indicators
  • To assess the effectiveness and impacts of the FAESP IPESP, in terms of works completed and as measured with the energy security indicators.

 During the course of the project implemenatation, SPC was further provided with the responsibility to be the interim host of the Pacific Regional Data Repository for Sustainable Energy for ALL (PRDR SE4ALL) in April 2014 during the Regional Transport and Energy Ministerial Meeting. This led SPC to further request EUEI PDF in June 2014 to support progress the implementatiion of the PRDR SE4ALL initiative. This was gracefully approved to acomodate the request with the project implementatiion timeline extended to March 2015. As a result of the added request an ammended contract was signed in August 2014 which further captures an additional aim as follows:

  • To support SPC progress the implementation of the PRDR SE4ALL initiative looking at the development of the PRDR Portal and strengthening the buy-in to the PRDR SE4ALL initiative in selected PICs.      

However the project was not completed by March 2015 and was on stand still for 10 months, which was than progressed from February to October 2016.

The European Union Energy initiative partnership Dialogue Facility (EUEI PDF) has been kind enough to co-fund much of the work to date including providing USD 100,000 in funds to support SPC technical assitance efforts to the the PICs. 

How to read the energy label - Air Conditioners Brochure 2018 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

The following brochure was developed as part of the Pacific Appliance Labelling and Standards Programme in March 2018.

Energy labelling and MEPS for appliances are used in over 80 countries around the world to reduce energy use and greenhouse gas emission. Pacific Island countries and territories risked being left behind to become a dumping ground for inefficient appliances, so in 2012 the SPC started a project to help Pacific Island countries set up their own energy labeling and MEPS programmes.

The Pacific Appliance Labelling and Standards (PALS) Programme is part of SPC’s approach to increasing sustainable economic development through improved energy efficiency.
Pacific Island countries such as Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu are part of the PALS Programme. These countries are implementing energy labelling and MEPS for refrigerators, freezers, air conditioners and lighting; though at different stages. A lot of work and effort is put into drafting appropriate legislation, regulations, seeking appropriate endorsements and collaboration between sectors and agencies.

Survey of consumer awareness and use of energy rating labels in PICs: REGIONAL REPORT 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

SPC commissioned Tebbutt Research to undertake the survey of consumer awareness and use of energy rating labels in Pacific Island Countries (PICs). The survey was completed in 10 PICs during December 2016, January 2017 and February 2017:

  • Fiji,
  • Cook Islands,
  • Kiribati,
  • Niue,
  • Papua New Guinea,
  • Samoa,
  • Solomon Islands,
  • Tonga,
  • Tuvalu, and
  • Vanuatu.

This report is one of the deliverables for the project. It summarises the key findings for the region, showing results comparing each of the ten countries.

Key Words: Tebbutt Research, Energy rating labels, survey,  PALS project, SPC, Australian government

Pacific Region Electricity Bills, Comparison Report 2013 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

Pacific Region Electricity Bills - Comparison Report 2013 for the electricity sector. Report published by the Vanuatu Utility Regulatory Authority (URA). URA conducted an analysis of bills, electricity tariff for electricity customers across the Pacific. This reports provides the summary of the findings. 

The aim of this paper is to provide a comparison of electricity costs paid by customers in Vanuatu with
different countries across the Pacific region. This is based on publicly available information on electricity rates
for different utilities, and includes all applicable taxes and fees.

Source: http://www.ura.gov.vu/

Publisher: Pacific Data Hub Contact Point: Pacific Data Hub Source: Tuvalu Environment Data Portal

Sustainable Energy Industry Development Project - Environment and Social Management Framework 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

The Sustainable Energy Industry Development Project (SEIDP) will be implemented by the Pacific Power Assocition and will provide technical assistance to increase data availability and capacity in Pacific Island power utilities for renewable energy. This Environment and Social Management Framework (ESMF) sets out the principles and procedures for managing the environment and social aspects of the project. The framework is to guide the PPA and its consultants on how to screen the activities and manage any issues during project implementation. It oulines the SEIDP project, its components, possible environmental and social impacts and the appropriate mitigation measures. 

The contact person for this document is:

Mr Andrew Daka  | Executive Director  | Pacific Power Association  | Email: andrewd@ppa.org.fj    | Phone: + (679) 3306 022

Publisher: Pacific Data Hub Contact Point: Pacific Data Hub Source: Tuvalu Environment Data Portal

Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) - Tuvalu 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

Tuvalu commits to a reduction of emissions of green-house gases from the electricity generation (power) sector, by 100% ie.e almost zero emissions by 2025.  Tuvalu's indicative quantified economy-wide target for a reduction in total emissions of GHGs from the entire sector to 60% below 2010 levels by 2025.  These emissions will be further reduced from the other key sectors, agriculture and waste, conditional upon the necessary technology and finance.

Tuvalu submitted their Intended nationally determined contributions (INDC) to the UNFCCC Secretariat on the 27th of November 2015.

No further revisions were undertaken and the same document was endorsed and submitted as the First nationally determined contributions on 22nd April 2016.

Document downloaded from the NDC registry:

INDC -  http://www4.unfccc.int/submissions/indc/Submission%20Pages/submissions.aspx

NDC - http://www4.unfccc.int/ndcregistry/Pages/All.aspx 

Keywords: INDC, Tuvalu, climate change, renewable energy, target, electricity, generation

Publisher: Pacific Data Hub Contact Point: Pacific Data Hub Source: Tuvalu Environment Data Portal

Gender Equity in Climate Change Adaptation and Low Carbon Development.- International Climate Initiative - Final Report 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

Final status report on the Gender Equity in Climate Change Adaptation and Low Carbon Development.- International Climate Initiative. 

The overall project experience was a great learning platform for SPC staff and in particular the project coordinator and the Small Islands Developing States.  Through this project we were able to deliver the gender mainstreaming trainings/workshops in energy and climate change adaptation whereby we empowered communities and government officials in the Small Islands Developing States (SIDS) to be more gender sensitised in their planning and project development.

Work in collaboration with other regional organisations, countries governments (Ministry of Women) to successfully carry out the project objectives. Most of these countries have   resource person but do not have the funding to carry out trainings/workshops for its officials and community leaders. This project has enabled countries to collaborate with SPC to undertake trainings/workshops to enhance skills of its officers and work with community to have a gender sensitise policy, work programme and projects. Countries benefit from this project as the lessons learnt from the trainings allows them to see and apply these skills in other sectors such as water, energy, food security,  agriculture & forestry, re-location & disaster risk management that are affected by impacts of climate change. 

The project main objective is to:

1)  Awareness raising on gender aspects of climate change and increasing the knowledge about the topic “ Gender sensitised in adaptation projects”

2)  Increasing the number of women and gender experts in climate policy-making ( on local, national and international level); and

3)  Generating and disseminating experience-based knowledge about gender sensitive approaches in adaptation, mitigation and climate policy.

Terms of Reference - Energy Statistics Collection and Analysis in the Pacific 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This report was prepared by Peter Johnston. The document reports on the purpose of this assignment being to collect and compile the official country energy data for a forthcoming Energy Outlook and Databook for 14 Pacific developing member countries (PDMCs) of ADB1 in two phases: 1) phase 1 (one person-week) to collect the PDMC energy statistics available in Suva, Fiji Islands; and 2) phase 2 (three person-weeks) to fill the data gaps to the extent practical without visiting all countries and to analyze/interpret the data. The detailed Terms of Reference are attached as Annex 1. This note reports on the work done under the contract.

Performance Benchmarking for Pacific Power Utilities report, December 2011: Baseline year of study - 2010 Fiscal Year 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

Perfomance benchmarking study for Pacific Island power utilities - 20 utilities. The last study of such kind was undertaken a decade ago. The current study adopts same basic indicators in the ealier effort, but additional indicators added to include grid-connected renewable systems, utility energy efficiencies, electricity suppply to grids from independent suppliers and others. Study coordinated by Pacific Power Association. 

Report was sourced from the PPA website - http://www.ppa.org.fj/publication-report/ 

 Keywords - Utilities benchmarking report, PPA benchmarking report, 2010 PPA benchmarking report

Publisher: Pacific Data Hub Contact Point: Pacific Data Hub Source: Tuvalu Environment Data Portal

Performance Benchmarking for Pacific Power Utilities report, March 2013: Baseline year of Study - 2011 Fiscal Year 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

Annual benchmarking is a mechanism for better information collection and decision making within power utilities, and assisting the improvement of operational efficiency, service delivery and overall performance.

During 2012, 22 Pacific Island power utilities participated in the second of a programme of annual performance benchmarking studies. This year’s benchmarking employed the same indicators established by the 2011 study – itself the first benchmarking assessment to be carried out in more than a decade.

Comparisons of the most recent results (for 2011 utility operations) with those of the previous study (for 2010 utility operations) were made, including those for the set of expanded indicators agreed as the baseline. The analysis was further extended to include a self-assessment of data reliability and more information on utility cost structure. Where possible, comparisons with international benchmarking studies of small and island utilities were updated.

The scope of the work in 2012 specifically addressed previous recommendations directed at improving the quality of information and the usefulness of benchmarking to participants. These recommendations were recognised in the design of the questionnaire and indicator set, the conduct of a benchmarking workshop for attendants of the Pacific Power Association (PPA) Conference Engineers Workshop in Vanuatu in July 2012, an updated benchmarking manual, and provision of funding for utility visits to assist in data validation and the development of performance improvement plans.

Annual benchmarking efforts continue to be coordinated by the PPA with financial assistance from development partners through the Sydney-based Pacific Infrastructure Advisory Center (PIAC) under an agreement between the PPA, PIAC and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), which coordinates Pacific regional energy matters. All PPA members were invited to participate, with one additional confirmed participant increasing the benchmark group to 22 utilities.

The report covers for the reference year of 2011.

Report was sourced from the PPA website - http://www.ppa.org.fj/publication-report/ 

 Keywords - Utilities benchmarking report, PPA benchmarking report, 2011 PPA benchmarking report

Publisher: Pacific Data Hub Contact Point: Pacific Data Hub Source: Tuvalu Environment Data Portal

Solar Energy: Lessons from the Pacific Island Experience 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This report was prepared by Herbert Wade, Andres Liebenthal and Subodh Mathur. It was published -World Bank Technical Paper Number 244 in the Energy Series

Improvements in the efficiency of solar photovoltaic (PV) energy technologies and reductions in their costs are providing new opportunities to expand electrification in developing countries, particularly in areas remote from national and regional electrification grids. This report on the experiences of several Pacific island countries provides a clear indication that in small, remote villages, off-the-shelf solar PV technologies are providing reliable power at costs less than those of the more commonly used diesel systems for households running a few electric lights and a TV/VCR. Elementary as these uses may seem in developed countries, they represent vital access to light and information for isolated peoples. The report also confirms another point made repeatedly in our recent energy sector work: appropriate technical choices need to be complemented by effective institutional approaches.

2018 Quarter 1: Pacific Fuel Price Monitor (PFPM) 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This report captures the Pacific Fuel Price Monitor for the first quarter (Jan -March 2018). Reviews are based on analysis of Means of Platts Singapore(MOPS), Benchmark Saudi Aramco LPG prices(sourced from 3MCO) and Pacific Fuel Prices on an quarterly average (source from Pacific Island countries).

The report captures:

  • regional retail fuel prices
  • unleaded motor gasoline prices (mogas)
  • automotive diesel oil (ADO) prices
  • kerosene prices
  • liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)
  • Exchange Rates

Documents are prepared by the Pacific Community - Georesources and Energy Programme.

Keywords: Petroleum, fossil fuel, price, monitor, fuel price monitor, PFPM

LPG and Natural Gas as Alternative Energy Sources for the Pacific 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

The study assesses the potential and economic feasibility of LPG, LNG or CNG to meet medium term energy needs in PICTs. It considers the end-use applications of power generation, process heating, maritime transport, land transport, cooking and water heating. The existing fuels considered for substitution include heavy fuel oil (HFO), diesel, gasoline, kerosene and biomass.

International aviation fuel is excluded because gas does not offer a technologically viable alternative to aviation fuel at this stage.

The research phase of the study consisted of desk research; in-country research in Fiji, Papua New Guinea (PNG), New Caledonia, Tonga and Vanuatu; and consultations with government officials and industry representatives. Twenty countries and territories were included1. The consultations with government and industry representatives were crucial because they indicated the most likely scenarios or entry points, and the implications of different decisions that have been (or might be) made by individual countries. Data has been aggregated from the best available sources at the time of writing, though there are some data gaps.

The report presents scenarios and possible situations and reflects the collective understanding at the time the information was being collated. The hypothetical scenarios include one for LPG in air conditioning and two for fuel substitution with LNG or CNG.

Promoting Energy Efficiency in the Pacific (Phase 2) - Energy Efficiency Guidelines for Street Lighting in the Pacific 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

The Energy Efficiency Guidelines for Street Lighting in the Pacific were designed in accordance with the specific needs and requirements of the PDMCs, which have limited resources due to their geographical placement. The utilities, public and private sectors have limited experience in developing and implementing energy efficiency projects capable of making considerable impact in the region.

 These guidelines were designed taking the above factors into consideration, and are intended to significantly  reduce costs, save energy, and lower GHG emissions. These guidelines employ a simple and effective approach for achieving such reductions; they provide guidance on how utility and municipal staff can improve the energy efficiency and performance of  street and public lighting. They also provide methods for reducing the operation and maintenance costof public lighting in order to ensure on-going quality and functionality.

 These guidelines employ a simple and effective approach for achieving such reductions; they provide guidance on how utility and municipal staff can improve the energy efficiency and performance of street and public lighting. They also provide methods for reducing the operation and maintenance cost  of public lighting in order to ensure on-going quality and functionality. These guidelines provide a range of easy to follow techniques and methodologies on the different steps in design, installation and maintenance of energy efficient street lighting in the Pacific.

Quantification of the Power System Energy Losses in Southern Pacific Utilities - Consolidated Report 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

KEMA was contracted by the Pacific Power Association to conduct an energy efficiency study called "Quantification of the Power System Energy Losses in Southern Pacific Utilities" for 10 Southern Pacific Islands. 

This Consolidated Report gives an overview of the major findings of the study.
The ten (10) utility island systems studied were the following:

  1.  Electric Power Corporation (EPC), Samoa
  2. Fiji Electricity Authority (FEA), Fiji
  3. Niue Power Corporation (NPC), Niue
  4. Nauru Utilities Corporation (NUC), Nauru
  5. PNG Power LTD (PPL), Papua New Guinea – Port Moresby system
  6. Public Utilities Board (PUB), Kiribati – Tarawa Atoll
  7. Solomon Islands Electricity Authority (SIEA), Solomon Islands 
  8. Te Aponga Uira O Tumu -Te-Varovaro (TAU), Cook Islands
  9. Tuvalu Electricity Corporation (TEC), Tuvalu - Funafuti
  10. Tonga Power Limited (TPL), Tonga

Report was sourced from the PPA website at the following link: http://www.ppa.org.fj/publication-report/

Publisher: Pacific Data Hub Contact Point: Pacific Data Hub Source: Tuvalu Environment Data Portal

EU PacTVET ANNUAL REPORT YEAR 2 - 2016 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

Address from the Team Leader of the European Union Pacific Technical and Vocational Education and Training Project.

Year 2 started on a positive note with the signing of the Finance Agreement between USP and SPC and the full recruitment of all project staff in August, 2015.

In addition, under the Global Project Management component, a total of 6 internships were offered over the course of year 2. The internships comprised 3-month attachments with time shared between USP and SPC.

The Coordination Committee met 5 times over the reporting period and has proved to be a very positive mechanism to promote the communication, progress reporting and timely and efficient guidance to project issues.

The Communications strategy was refined since the last reporting period and continued to be successfully implemented in providing media coverage for project activities. There is now a project website as part of the wider Pacific Regional Data Repository (PRDR) Sustainable Energy For All (SE4All) database. Additionally, there is a project Facebook page which already has over 200 followers.

Major activities of the project within the reporting period were extensively covered through FB as well as on print media. Under Results Area 1, the training needs consultations for all 15 P-ACP countries was finalised in end-September.

The first three-way agreement between SPC, USP and the Republic of Timor Leste’s National Directorate for Climate Change was signed in September. Two consultancies were undertaken for the project within the reporting period to support the training needs assessment.

Two further events were attended/organised by the project team in efforts to discuss the skills and competencies to be included in the CCA/DRR qualifications. The project inception meeting was held on October 8-9, 2015 in Suva, Fiji. At this meeting, endorsement was obtained on country TNGA priorities and there was consensus for the development of regional qualifications in Climate Change Adaptation and Sustainable Energy.

As part of Results Area 2, the project engaged the Fiji Higher Education Commission (FHEC) from August 2015 to lead the development of the CCA and SE qualifications. The Industry Standards Advisory Committees (ISAC) for both SE and CCA were set up and included regional representation to deliberate on the content of the qualifications.

Regional participation was possible via an on-line system called “Basecamp”. The final meeting of the regional ISAC was held from 16-19th May, 2016 with three global firsts including provisional regional rather than national agreement on government sanctioned qualifications; development of formal qualifications at levels 1-4 (on the Pacific Qualifications Framework) which cover the subject areas of climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction, and the recognition and professionalization of a “Resilience Sector” via the creation of a Pacific Regional Federation of Resilience Professionals.

The PRFRP is the forum/network at regional/international level linking trainers and educators as well at the industry personnel for accreditation and quality assurance aspect of Resilience qualifications.

PIGGAREP Quarterly Progress Report 1st Quarter 2013 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

PIGGAREP 1st quarter progress report for 2013. Since the beginning of 2013, the first was dedicated to ongoing activities from 2012. From those ongoing activities that were carried on to the 1st quarter, the following are the key achievements in that quarter: Successful completion of the Technical Site visit by the Talise Hydropower scheme Community team to the Solomon Islands in March, resulting in the Talise Hydropower team learning of the community-base management and operation of small hydropower scheme. This lessons learnt will be useful for the development and operation of the proposed Talise hydropower scheme, which is in its construction phase – (Component 1) RE Awareness program on TV and Radio in Niue. As reported by the Niue Power Corporation there was slight reduction in fuel consumption for the past 9 month resulting from reduced kilowatt-hours energy generated and used (more than 90% of the Niue residence population using electricity wisely – (Component 6) RE Awareness Programmes by Samoa Energy Unit in collaboration with its stakeholders. School are benefiting from the knowledge gained through such awareness– (Component 6) Country PASes completed evaluated and approved – (Component 3) PMO participated in New Zealand Wind Energy Conference and Energy Summit in NZ. This improved knowledge on New Zealand and global Wind energy regime, operation and operators. The NZ Energy Summit gave the opportunity for PIGGARE PMO to disseminate information about RE in the Pacific to the international audience on a faceto-face situation and be able to meet and discuss potential collaborations wih regional and international RE agencies, like IRENA and regional bodies dealing with RE – Components 1 & 6) Commencement of Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) Process for four PIGGAREP PICs (CI, WS, KI and TV) – (Effective Project Management)

Pacific Region Electricity Bills - Comparative Report 2014 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

Pacific Region Electricity Bills - Comparison Report 2014 for the electricity sector. Report published by the Vanuatu Utility Regulatory Authority (URA). URA conducted an analysis of bills, electricity tariff for electricity customers across the Pacific. This reports provides the summary of the findings. 

The aim of this paper is to provide a comparison of electricity costs paid by customers in Vanuatu with 
different countries across the Pacific region. This is based on publicly available information on electricity rates 
for different utilities, and includes all applicable taxes and fees.

Source: http://www.ura.gov.vu/

Publisher: Pacific Data Hub Contact Point: Pacific Data Hub Source: Tuvalu Environment Data Portal

Endorsed Proposal for the PRDR SE4ALL 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This proposal has been prepared for the consideration of senior officials and Minsters at the SPC-convened Energy and Transport Ministers Meeting being held in Nadi from 31 March to 4 April 2014. It has been developed by ESCAP with the assistance of Dr. Herbert Wade, an independent consultant who undertook missions to Tuvalu (21-25 January 2014), Kiribati (26 January to 2 February 2014), and Vanuatu (4 - 7 February, 2014) 1 to help determine the feasibility of the PRDR through interviews with key stakeholders in those countries.

In September 2013 in conjunction with the UN General-Assembly, 11 Pacific leaders signed a declaration to establish a Pacific Regional Data Repository (PRDR) in support of the UN Secretary-General’s Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) initiative. It is proposed that the PRDR be established with the mandate to collect energy related data directly from primary sources as frequently as the data becomes available.

The PRDR would focus only on the collection and dissemination of primary data which would be collected directly from data sources to the extent possible (following consultations with each participating country). In this way the PRDR would complement the existing work of SPC and National Statistical Systems and would provide a service to Pacific island countries, development partners and energy suppliers.

A two-step approach to implementation of the PRDR is proposed. A trial period of five years would allow potential value of the PRDR to be demonstrated. Should the PRDR prove to be successful (based on external evaluation) within this 5 year timeframe, longer term institutional arrangements could be established. Two main options on the hosting of the PRDR in its initial phase of implementation have emerged through consultations: (a) Hosting within an existing regional organisation; or (b) Establishing a new, dedicated and ‘lean’ entity in a Pacific island country. There are advantages and disadvantages to both approaches as outlined in the technical proposal. Ultimately the hosting of the Repository may be determined by the best approach to ensure sustainability, including the availability of funding.

Tuvalu National Gender Policy 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

Herewith Tuvalu National Gender Policy: Strategic Plan of Action 2014-2016.

The three-year Strategic Plan of Action proposes a series of outputs and key actions in order to achieve the outcomes of the National Policy on Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment. Its implementation requires the active contribution of the Government and civil society organisations. The outcomes and outputs proposed must be incorporated and addressed in the national policy and programmes in every sector and need to be part of annual plans.

Policy Objective:

The National Gender Policy aims to provide the guiding framework to operationalize Government’s commitments to gender equality and women’s empowerment in Tuvalu. The Policy outlines the specific areas that the Government will focus on within the next five years and provides the basis for multi-sectoral engagement and partnerships towards the overarching goal of gender equality and the empowerment of women

Vision:

To build a society where women and men are recognised as equal partners in all aspects of development, are protected from all forms of discrimination and violence, and can equally access and benefit from the growth and development of the country.

Keywords: Tuvalu, Gender Policy

Pacific Islands Energy Policy and Plan (2002) 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This document represents a regional consensus, affirmed at the 2002 Regional Energy Meeting in Cook Islands via the Rarotonga Declaration.

The Pacific Islands Energy Policy and Plan has been coordinated by the Committee of Regional Organisations of the Pacific (CROP) - Energy Working Group, comprising Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (PIFS), Pacific Power Association (PPA), Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC), South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP) University of the South Pacific (USP) and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).

Vision - Available, reliable, affordable, and environmentally sound energy for sustainable development for all Pacific islanders.

Introduction - Energy has a vital role in achieving sustainable development in the Pacific region. It is a fundamental input to most economic and social activity and a prerequisite for development in other sectors such as education, health, and communications. Sustainable development is a process of change in which the exploitation of resources, the directions of investment, the orientation of technological change, and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations. It is recognised that women are important stakeholders in the energy sector and their participation is vital to achieve sustainable development. Responding to energy issues within the context of sustainable development involves many complex and interdependent factors addressed by this policy statement.

Tuvalu Master Plan for Renewable Electricity and Energy Efficiency in Tuvalu, 2012 - 2020 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This Renewable Energy Master Plan is the outcome of the Government of Tuvalu vision made in 2008 for Tuvalu to become 100% renewable energy for all its power generation by the end of 2020. The local name “Enetise Tutumau” is firmly embedded in the Tuvalu’s Energy Strategy with the goal to convert Tuvalu’s electricity generation from 100% diesel to 100% renewable energy. This document is directly linked to “Te Kakeega II 2015”, “Te Kaniva (Climate Change Policy) 2012” and the “Tuvalu National Energy Policy”. This will guide the Government of Tuvalu in the development of renewable energy and energy efficiency to achieve Tuvalu’s vision. The development of renewable energy technologies is capital intensive and we do not have the resource and capacity to fulfill this vision. It is a huge challenge to the Government and with the financial support and assistance of the International Community and our Donor Partners, the vision of 100% renewable energy by 2020 can be truly achieved.

ADB Operations in the Pacific 2019-05-09

Culture and Heritage Atmosphere and Climate Land Biodiversity Built Environment adb adb administration and governance adb operations in the pacific climate change development economic development education energy geoscience health official records social statutory reports sustainable development

This publication provides a snapshot of the Asian Development Bank’s operations in the Pacific over the past 5 decades.

Operations of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in the Pacific date back to 1969 and have since grown rapidly in line with interconnected needs. Development partnerships, projects, and other initiatives aim to strengthen infrastructure and services, build human and institutional capacity, and increase the resilience of communities across the region. This publication commemorates over 50 years of partnership in the region as Fiji becomes the first Pacific developing member country to host the 2019 ADB Annual Meeting. Highlights include the evolution of core operational areas, recent successes, and emerging areas for collaboration and support.

Tuvalu Infrastructure Strategy and Investment Plan 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This  report  was  prepared  by  Andrew  McIntyre,  Brian  Bell,  and  Solofa  Uota  as individual  consultants  under  the  guidance  and  with  support  of  the  Pacific Infrastructure Advisory Centre (PIAC) in Sydney, Australia. PIAC  operates  under  the  coordination  of  the  Pacific  Region  Infrastructure  Facility (PRIF).The Tuvalu Infrastructure Strategy and Investment Plan (TISIP) represents a country led and prioritized  investment  plan  for  economic  infrastructure  for  the  next  5-10  years.  The  plan identifies the needs and priorities for investments in economic infrastructure and assesses the financial resources to support implementation. The TISIP aims at improving coordination in  planning and financing of infrastructure development and maintenance between national stakeholders and international development  partners  and  to strengthen the capacity of the

Government to plan and manage the development of its economic infrastructure

Quantification of the Power System Energy Losses in South Pacific Utilities Tuvalu Electric Corporation (TEC) 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

KEMA at the request of the Pacific Power Association (PPA) conducted an energy efficiency study titled: “Quantification of Energy Efficiency in the Utilities in South Pacific Utilities” for 10 Southern Pacific Island Utilities.

This report summarizes study results for Tuvalu Electric Corporation (TEC).

TEC serves several islands, but this report, data handbook, and power system model focus on the main island of Funafuti Atoll. All references to TEC in the remainder of this report refer the Funafuti Atoll system.

The following report is accessed from the PPA website - http://www.ppa.org.fj/publication-report/ 

Key Words - TEC, PPA, KEMA, Tuvalu

Publisher: Pacific Data Hub Contact Point: Pacific Data Hub Source: Tuvalu Environment Data Portal

Tuvalu country report : profiles and results from survey work at Funafuti, Nukufetau, Vaitupu and Niutao (October - November 2004 and March - April 2005) 2019-03-31

Coastal and Marine coral reef fisheries coral-reef-fisheries fisheries marine invertebrate populations marine resources marine-invertebrate-populations marine-resources pccos reef fisheries reef-fisheries text

Sauni S., Kronen M., Pinca S., Sauni L., Friedman K.J., Chapman L.B., Magron F. 2008. Tuvalu country report : profiles and results from survey work at Funafuti, Nukufetau, Vaitupu and Niutao (October - November 2004 and March - April 2005). Pacific Regional Oceanic and Coastal Fisheries Development Programme (PROCFish/C/CoFish). Noumea, New Caledonia: Secretariat of the Pacific Community. 343 p.

Regional Status Report on Efficient Lighting in Pacific Island Countries and Territories 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

The Regional Status Report on Efficient Lighting in the Pacific Island Countries and Territories was prepared by George Wilkenfeld and Associates, Energy Policy and Planning consultants, Australia for the Pacific Efficient Lighting Strategy (PELS) Project managed by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC).The report covers most of the SPC PICTs and benefitted from surveys and data collected by the Promoting Energy Efficiency in the Pacific – Phase 2 (PEEP 2) Project and the Pacific Appliance Labelling and Standards
(PALS) Program.

This report reviews the status of lighting energy use and programs to increase the energy-efficiency of lighting services in the Pacific Region. It was commissioned by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) as part of a joint project with the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) en.lighten initiative. The aim of the report is to examine the: 

✴ efficient lighting policies and regulations in place in the region; and
✴ efficient lighting programs and projects under way.
This will be followed by the development of a regional Pacific efficient lighting strategy (PELS) which will detail the priority policies and frameworks to be implemented, identify opportunities for regional or bilateral cooperation and indicate a sustainable financing plan including the potential for public-private partnerships.

Field Visits to Tuvalu, Kiribati and Vanuatu for the PRDR Development 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

The concept of a data repository going directly to primary data sources is one that has not been tried in the Pacific and it was not known how the primary data sources, particularly petroleum suppliers and distributors, and the government Statistics Departments would accept the concept. Therefore ESCAP selected three countries, Vanuatu, Tuvalu and Kiribati to visit and interview government officials, managers of the organizations that would be the primary data sources for the repository. The three countries were selected partly because Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia are represented and the three are classed as Least Developed Countries by the United Nations and could be expected to have the most problem with data provision.

A two person team, Mr Tim Westbury from the Fiji ESCAP Office and Dr. Herbert Wade an external expert hired by ESCAP to help with the development of the repository concept visited Tuvalu from the 21 - 25 January and Kiribati from 26 - 30 January and Vanuatu from the 4 - 7 February 2014. 

Appliance Energy Labels and Standards Brochure 2018 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

The following brochure was developed as part of the Pacific Appliance Labelling and Standards Programme in March 2018.

Energy labelling and MEPS for appliances are used in over 80 countries around the world to reduce energy use and greenhouse gas emission. Pacific Island countries and territories risked being left behind to become a dumping ground for inefficient appliances, so in 2012 the SPC started a project to help Pacific Island countries set up their own energy labeling and MEPS programmes.

The Pacific Appliance Labelling and Standards (PALS) Programme is part of SPC’s approach to increasing sustainable economic development through improved energy efficiency.
Pacific Island countries such as Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu are part of the PALS Programme. These countries are implementing energy labelling and MEPS for refrigerators, freezers, air conditioners and lighting; though at different stages. A lot of work and effort is put into drafting appropriate legislation, regulations, seeking appropriate endorsements and collaboration between sectors and agencies.

White Paper: Empowering Low Emission Development in the Pacific - March 2018 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

The RALI Series is a collection of papers developed by the RALI project to share examples of low emission development in practice. The series features case studies, tools, and innovative new approaches in this space, highlighting user benefits and lessons learned. To learn more about the RALI project, visit https://www.climatelinks.org/projects/rali.

Article Introduction - Spread across 300,000 square miles of the Pacific Ocean, 14 island nations are tackling the challenge of transitioning to low-emission energy with a sense of urgency and resolve. Though small in scale, the experiences of these countries demonstrate technical approaches and regional collaboration useful to other nations around the world.

On a global scale, greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) from these islands and other Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are negligible.1 Yet the very existence of many islands is threatened by climate-related impacts. Island nations are already feeling the impacts of sea level rise, ocean acidification, changes to the frequency and intensity of hurricanes, changing precipitation patterns, and coastal erosion. These nations understand the importance of reducing levels of GHGs through low emission development strategies (LEDS), and understand how LEDS link directly to their economic imperatives and sustainable development goals.

Publisher: Pacific Data Hub Contact Point: Pacific Data Hub Source: Tuvalu Environment Data Portal

Productive Utilization of Renewable Energy in the Tourism Sector of the Forum's Small Island States in the South (PURE SIS TOUR SOUTH) 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This report was prepared by Frank Vukikomoala,Economic Development Division, SPC. The project “Productive Utilization of Renewable Energy in the Tourism Sector of the Forum’s Small Island States in the South” or PURE SIS South Tour for short is co-funded by the Pacific Islands Greenhouse Gas Abatement through Renewable Energy Project (PIGGAREP) from SPREP and the Pacific Islands Development Cooperation Fund (PIDCF) from PIF to promote the productive utilization of feasible renewable energy technologies in the tourism sector of the southern SIS so as to promote fossil fuel free eco-tourism and sustainable livelihoods for recipient countries. The objectives is to identify and undertake an assessment of eco-tourism sites in Tuvalu, Niue and Cook Islands to be supported by the project, Identify opportunities to replicate best practices and experiences for the project and identify potential financing schemes to add on to the project.

Project survey trip mainly focused on the collection of primary data and information following discussions with relevant in-country stakeholders and surveys of 3 sites per country.

Keywords: Renewabl Energy in Tourism sector, PURE SIS South Tour

How to read the energy label - Refrigerators and Freezers Brochure 2018 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

The following brochure was developed as part of the Pacific Appliance Labelling and Standards Programme in March 2018.

Energy labelling and MEPS for appliances are used in over 80 countries around the world to reduce energy use and greenhouse gas emission. Pacific Island countries and territories risked being left behind to become a dumping ground for inefficient appliances, so in 2012 the SPC started a project to help Pacific Island countries set up their own energy labeling and MEPS programmes.

The Pacific Appliance Labelling and Standards (PALS) Programme is part of SPC’s approach to increasing sustainable economic development through improved energy efficiency.
Pacific Island countries such as Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu are part of the PALS Programme. These countries are implementing energy labelling and MEPS for refrigerators, freezers, air conditioners and lighting; though at different stages. A lot of work and effort is put into drafting appropriate legislation, regulations, seeking appropriate endorsements and collaboration between sectors and agencies.

Tuvalu National Energy Policy 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This Tuvalu National Energy Policy (TNEP) is the first ever produced in an attempt to clearly define  and  direct  current  and  future  energy  developments  and  usages  throughout  Tuvalu. TNEP was developed by the Energy Department and SOPAC following successive consultation workshops that were conducted by a Technical Assistant from SOPAC and energy stakeholders on Funafuti in 2005. The Tuvalu National Energy Policy Framework sets out the Government’s policies for the planning and management of the energy sector over the next 15 years. The framework defines the strategies that Government is taking to ensure that the objectives of the policies are fully realised.

Renewable Energy Opportunities for Island Tourism 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This report analyzes in detail the potential contribution to the island tourism sector of four renewable energy technologies (RETs): 

  1. Solar water heating (SWH) systems use solar heat to warm up domestic water, usually replacing electric water heaters.
  2. Solar air conditioning (SAC) systems use solar heat to provide cooling and heating, usually replacing traditional electric chillers.
  3. Sea water air conditioning (SWAC) systems use cold water from the ocean depths to provide air conditioning in hotel rooms and facilities, usually replacing traditional electric chillers.
  4. Solar photovoltaic (PV) systems produce electricity from the sun, usually replacing diesel generated electricity, either purchased from the local power grid, or self-produced with private diesel generators

Manual of Perfomance Benchmarking for Pacific Power Utilities, September 2012 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This Manual is a joint publication of the Pacific Power Association (PPA) and the Pacific Regional Infrastructure Facility (PRIF). This edition of the Power Benchmarking Manual draws upon the original Benchmarking Manual published by the Pacific Power Association in 2002 and funded by the Asian Development Bank. The contents of the 2002 version form the basis of Section 1 of this edition. In response to feedback received through the 2011 Benchmarking Report, sections have been added to cover the benchmarking questionnaire, explanation of key performance indicators and sample calculations, and an introduction to Performance Improvement Plans.

This Manual was designed to encourage Pacific power utilities to continue undertaking benchmarking activities. The Manual is comprised of easy-to-follow guidelines to ensure benchmarking participation is effective and efficient and results in maximum on-going activities. Manual is structured as follows:

  1. The Benchmarking Process
  2. Benchmarking Questionnaire
  3. Kep Performance Indicators (KPIs)
  4. Examples of KPI Calculations
  5. Data Reliability Assessment
  6. Performance Improvement Plans.

Report was sourced from the PPA website - http://www.ppa.org.fj/publication-report/ 

 Keywords - Utilities benchmarking report, PPA benchmarking report, 2012

Publisher: Pacific Data Hub Contact Point: Pacific Data Hub Source: Tuvalu Environment Data Portal

Renewable Power Generation Cost in 2014 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2014 is one of the most comprehensive studies yet made on the renewable energy price revolution in the power sector. Its findings are striking. Solar photovoltaic (PV) modules in 2014 cost three-quarters less than in 2009, while wind turbine prices declined by almost a third over the same period. The cost of electricity from utility-scale PV systems has fallen by around half since 2010.

Still, wide price disparities remain among renewable energy technologies, as well as between different countries and regions. While such gaps sometimes relate to resource availability, they also reflect an array of market conditions, balance-of-system costs, regulations and risk perceptions. Major challenges remain to bring down the cost of finance , especially in developed countries, and the high transaction costs for small-scale projects.

Nonetheless, the trend is clear. Renewable power generation will keep getting cheaper over time, even in a period of falling oil prices, which history tells us will in all probability be transitory. Renewables development and deployment represents the most secure long-term hedge against fuel price volatility, the best route to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and a sound financial investment. Their future is bright indeed.

Country Report for Federated States of Micronesia - Technical Analysis of Appliance Markets to Support the Pacific Appliance Labelling and Standards (PALS) Programme. 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This report was prepared by the International Institute for Energy Conservation (IIEC) for the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP). The objective of this study is to analyse the characteristics of major appliance and lighting products and markets in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), in order to inform and support decision-making on the most effective Standards & Labelling (S&L) strategy for FSM. The Technical Analysis of Appliance Markets to Support the Pacific Appliance Labeling and Standards (PALS) Programme covers 17 Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs). The report and research were conducted by Mr. Sommai Phon-Amnuaisuk and Mr. David Morgado from the International Institute for Energy Conservation (IIEC). The study focuses on the following electrical appliances: refrigerators, freezers, air conditioners, lamps, televisions and other relevant products.

Promoting Energy Efficiency in the Pacific (Phase 2) PEEP2 - Energy Efficiency Guidelines for Hotels in the Pacific 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

The Energy Efficiency Guidelines for Hotels in the Pacific were developed as a part of PEEP2 in order to provide practical guidance on how hotels and hotel staff could achieve considerable costs savings and improve environmental performance while retaining or improving existing comfort levels for guests.

The Energy Efficiency Guidelines for Hotels in the Pacific is a practical handbook with simple recommendations that can help new and existing hotels to significantly lower their costs and GHG emissions by reducing their energy consumption. These guidelines address how hotel management and operational staff can improve energy performance and reduce operating costs of the hotel, highlighting the importance and functionality of energy management systems.

Compendium of Case Studies on Climate and Disaster Resilient Development in the Pacific 2015 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This compendium showcases programmes and projects from across the Pacific region that address climate change and disaster risks, through climate change adaptation (CCA), disaster risk management (DRM) and/or greenhouse gas emissions reduction.

These forty case studies cover different topics across Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) and showcase significant work undertaken by the region to address climate and disaster-related challenges and to build resilience.

These actions have occurred while the regional policy frameworks on climate change (Pacific Islands Framework for Action on Climate Change 2006-2015) and DRM (Disaster Risk Reduction and Disaster Management: A Framework for Action 2005–2015) have been in effect. Both frameworks expire in 2015 and are superseded by the Strategy for Climate and Disaster Resilient Development in the Pacific (SRDP).

Trends, challenges, solutions and lessons are drawn from these case studies, which may serve as a guide for the design of future initiatives to be implemented under the SRDP and provide a reference for the Pacific and other regions of the world.

Acknowledgements

The Compendium of Case Studies on Climate and Disaster Resilient Development in the Pacific was compiled by Clare White of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community’s (SPC) Geoscience Division with the support from the Roadmap Technical Working Group, comprising representatives from SPC, Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (PIFS), United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and the University of the South Pacific (USP).

Strategic guidance was provided by the Roadmap Steering Committee comprising representatives from governments of Pacific Island countries and territories as well as representatives from civil society and the private sector.

Funding of the compendium was provided by the European Union, through the EDF10 ACP-EU/SPC Project: Building Safety & Resilience in the Pacific and the Global Climate Change Alliance: Pacific Small Island States project, as well as by SPREP and the Government of Australia, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade through the Australian Red Cross (AVID).

Organisations, governments, and communities from across the Pacific region provided content and photographs.

Country Report for Tonga - Technical Analysis of Appliance Markets to Support the Pacific Appliance Labelling and Standards (PALS) Programme 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This report was prepared by the International Institute for Energy Conservation (IIEC) for the Renewable energy and energy efficiency partnership (REEEP). The objective of this study is to analyse the characteristics of the major appliance and lighting products and markets in Tonga, in order to inform and support decision-making on the most suitable Standards & Labelling (S&L) strategy for Tonga. The electrical appliance information presented in this section is based on data provided by the Tongan Customs and Statistics Department and covers the most common electrical appliances in the country.

Report captures data on imports of freezers, refrigerators, dishwashers, washing machines, electric water heaters, electric fans, incandescent lamps, fluorescent lamps and other lamps and televisions for the period 2008 - 2011. Data captured the annual percentage breakdown of the imports by country of origin based on the import units and import value.

UNDP Asia - Pacific Regional Energy Programme for Poverty Reduction (REP-POR) - Pacific Rapid Assesment and Gap Analysis. Draft Final Report 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This report was prepared by Herbert Wade and Peter Johnston for UNDP Regional Centre in Bangkok. The purpose of this assignment was to undertake a rapid needs assessment and gap analysis of the fifteen Pacific Island Countries that potentially can participate in the UNDP Asia-Pacific Regional Energy Program for Poverty Reduction (REP-PoR).  Ideally, such a study would involve travel to each country to allow extensive local input and as much discussion in-country as possible.

This REP PoR Pacific Rapid Assessment and Gap Analysis report is presented in three parts:

  • This overview, Section 1, which summaries key issues and findings and acts as an introduction to the Pacific Regional Synthesis;

  • The Pacific Regional Synthesis, Section 2, in the form of a table prepared in a format specified by the Lead Consultant of the REP-PoR Rapid Assessment and Gap Analysis for ease of integration of findings into a combined Asia/Pacific REP-PoR rapid assessment and gap analysis report; and
  • The Pacific Island Country Summaries, Section 3, which provides background information in the REP PoR-specified format and country-specific conclusions and recommendations for the fifteen PICs.

 

A stand-alone “Gender and Energy Add-on Consultancy Report: Pacific Rapid Assessment and Gap Analysis” written by Ms. Ravesi Johnston has also been prepared. It expands on Ms Johnston’s coverage of gender issues presented in chapter VI. 

Funafuti, Tuvalu 2014 Household Electrical Appliances, Lights and End-use Survey 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

Household electrical appliances, lights and end-use survey was undertaken in Funafuti during the period 8-28 August 2014. 434 households were surveyed covering 51.4% of all households in Funafuti. 

Report was prepared by Prepared by Thomas Lynge Jensen, Energy Programme Specialist, UNDP Pacific - Fiji Office

The household survey was funded by the Government of Australia via the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) through the Pacific Appliance Labelling and Standards (PALS) project with technical support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).  

Raw data tables on the survey can be accessed on the following link - http://prdrse4all.spc.int/data/content/funafuti-2014-household-electrica... 

Publisher: Pacific Data Hub Contact Point: Pacific Data Hub Source: Tuvalu Environment Data Portal

Stocktake Report: Energy Sector Institutions, Legislation, Policies and Fiscal Incentives of Pacific Island Countries 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

Stocktake Report: Energy Sector Institutions, Legislation, Policies and Fiscal Incentives of Pacific Island Countries. Prepared by the Energy Programme of the Economic Development Diviion of The Pacific Community (SPC). 

This report is a first attempt to take stock of the energy sector institutions, regulatory frameworks and legislation, as well as the policies and incentives that exist in Pacific Island countries (PICs). While there are various reports on PICs’ policies and renewable energy assessments, there has not yet been a comprehensive report that captures the existing institutional set-ups, regulatory frameworks, legislation, policies and incentives. 

The Age of Renewable Power - Designing National Roadmaps For a Successful Transformation 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

This report focuses on the role that national policy makers will play in this transformation process. The main challenge being that there is not a single roadmap or technology that provides the solution. Each country situation is unique, and local solutions need to be found to support the transition towards a renewables-based power system. It is therefore very important that policy makers work together with generators, local system operators and electricity suppliers to collectively design the future.

The report provides a framework for the development of such roadmaps. The framework focuses on the process that determines the relevant grid integration measures, how this choice depends on the local conditions within the specific country, and how to ensure that all stakeholders involved are aligned, turning ambitious targets into a reality. The foundation for the development of a national roadmap is stakeholder engagement. Subsequently, policy makers need to put three pillars in place to support the selection of relevant grid integration measures for variable renewable energy: data collection and energy planning; flexibility assessment; and technology evaluation

Report on the consultation workshop on the development of the Tuvalu National Energy Policy, Funafuti, 12-14 April 2005, PIEPSAP project report 10 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

Consultation Workshop on the Development of the Tuvalu National Energy Policy : The first of the three consultation workshops on the development of the National Energy Policy was carried out in Funafuti from 12 to 14 April 2004. The consultation workshop is part of the Pacific Islands Energy Policy and Strategic Action Planning Project (PIEPSAP) activity in Tuvalu. The Tuvalu Government through the Assistant Secretary in Ministry of Works and Energy requested PIEPSAP to provide assistance to Tuvalu in reviewing their National Energy Policy.

Tuvalu Marine Pollution Act 1991 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

Tuvalu Marine Pollution Act 1991. Act 1 of 1992.

An Act to make provision for preventing and dealing with pollution of the sea, and to enable effect to be given to international conventions for the prevention of marine pollution and the protection of the marine environment, including: the international convention for the prevention of pollution from ships, 1973, as supplemented by the protocol thereto of 1978; the convention on the prevention of marine pollution by dumping of wastes and other matter, 1972; the convention for the protection of the natural resources and environment of the south pacific region, 1986, and the protocols thereto.

Tuvalu Marine Pollution Act 1991

Pacific Energy Country Profiles 2016 2019-03-17

Built Environment energy

FOREWORD :

In 2013, New Zealand and the European Union co-hosted the Pacific Energy Summit to fast-track sustainable energy development in the Pacific. It resulted in funding commitments of more than $635 million for a range of innovative renewable energy projects, and showed that donors and the private sector were prepared to back the ambition and leadership shown by Pacific governments. Three years on and the change across the region has been marked. Whole atolls are now 100 per cent renewable, many more people have access to clean and reliable power, the amount of diesel imported for electricity generation has fallen dramatically, and Pacific countries can now better manage the impacts of climate change.

The Pacific is home to some of the countries most at risk from the effects of climate change. It is now also home to countries that are leading the world in reducing their fossil fuel consumption and shifting to renewable sources of electricity generation. We also acknowledge the huge contribution of donors and development partners in supporting Pacific governments to achieve progress and following through on the commitments made at the Summit. Enormous opportunities still exist across the region.

This publication presents the energy profiles of 18 Pacific countries and territories. It summarises their progress since the 2013 Summit and identifies new opportunities for investment. 

Keywords: Pacific Energy Summit, Pacific Energy country profile, Pacific countries, New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MFAT), European Union, Electricity, Renewable energy, Propose projects for investments.

ByCatch Information 2018-06-10

Coastal and Marine billfish bycatch database fmro spc

The Bycatch Management Information System (BMIS) focuses on bycatch mitigation and management in oceanic tuna and billfish fisheries*. It is an open resource useful for fishery managers, fishers, scientists, observers, educators and anyone with an interest in fisheries management. As a reference and educational tool, the BMIS aims to support the adoption and implementation of science-based management measures so that bycatch is managed comprehensively and sustainably. The BMIS mainly focuses on highly migratory species with low reproductive rates, including seabirds, sharks and rays, sea turtles and marine mammals.

Invasive Species Management in the Pacific: A Review of National Plans 2010 2019-02-25

Biodiversity invasive species nbsap

This review was undertaken to examine the invasive species management components within the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans of twelve Pacific island countries (PICs): Cook Islands, Fiji, Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga and Vanuatu.

The results of the review show that invasive species management is included as a component in eleven National
Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans, Marshall Islands being the only country not to include invasive species
management at the time.

NOAA Coral Reef Watch 2018-11-18

Coastal and Marine bleaching coral coral bleaching model noaa outlook reef satellite

The NOAA Coral Reef Watch program uses satellite data to provide current reef environmental conditions to quickly identify areas at risk for coral bleaching. Bleaching is the process by which corals lose the symbiotic algae that give them their distinctive colors. If a coral is severely bleached, disease and death become likely. Coral Reef Watch also offers a modeled Outlook that predicts the likelihood of coral bleaching heat stress on a week-by-week basis, up to four months in the future (the typical length of a bleaching season).

Human Rights and Climate Change Law 2019-02-18

Atmosphere and Climate climate change climate change law cop cop21 human rights human rights law international law international legal framework journal of the south pacific law kyoto protocol law unfccc

This Special Issue of the Journal of South Pacific Law aims to provide insight into the role of international law in addressing the short-term and long-term challenges posed by climate change to Pacific Island States and their populations. It focuses on the two international legal frameworks that were designed to protect the Earth’s climate system and the human person: international climate change law on the one hand, and international human rights law on the other.

Practical guide to solid waste management in Pacific Island Countries & Territories 2019-04-04

Land jprism landfill improvement solid waste waste generation waste management

This Practical Guide is the compilation of good practices identified and developed by experts in the region through J-PRISM Phase I. This covers all solid waste management (SWM) issues from the technical ones, such as waste generation survey and landfill improvement, to the managerial ones, such as contract management and user pays system. These good practices have high applicability to other Pacific islands, although modification and adaptation are always necessary.

Lime Juice and Vinegar Injections as an Alternative to Control COTS Outbreaks 2019-02-25

Coastal and Marine acidic injection coastal communities coral reef ecosystem corallivorous crown of thorns cots crown of thorns marine resources natural alternatives reef vanuatu

Outbreaks of the corallivorous crown-of-thorns seastar Acanthaster planci (COTS) represent one of the greatest disturbances to coral reef ecosystems in the Indo-Pacific, affecting not only coral reefs but also the coastal communities which rely on their resources. This research paper documents a test of a new alternative control method based upon acidic injections of cheap, 100% natural products that was carried out in Vanuatu where the presence of COTS has frequently been reported.

The paper concluded that the injections of lime juice and vinegar offer great advantages when compared to current best practices and constitute a cheap and natural option for all reefs affected by COTS

Marine Opportunity Costs: A method for calculating opportunity costs to multiple stakeholder groups 2019-02-25

Coastal and Marine marine marine opportunity costs opportunity costs

This study seek to address the following 5 main questions:

(1) Where are the preferred target species located and what spatial models serve as the best predictors of species abundance;
(2) Where in Kubulau is current fishing effort focused and how does it vary by gear;
(3) What are the differences in opportunity costs across users of different fishing gear, based on current and potential costs;
(4) Where would be the best areas to modify the current MPA network to reduce conflict and improve fisheries benefits and which users would be most affected by these changes; and
(5) How can this model be applied to other resource management decisions?

Pacific Islands Ocean Acidification Vulnerability Assessment 2019-02-18

Coastal and Marine acidification aquaculture climate change fisheries food security livelihood ocean ocean acidification ocean chemistry oceanic habitats pacific ocean ph vulnerability assessment

This report summarises the projected changes in ocean chemistry for the Pacific island region (from 130°E to 130°W and 25°N to 25°S) at regional and sub-regional scales, assessing the vulnerability of Pacific coastal and oceanic habitats and fisheries to ocean acidification using an established framework, and discussing the implications for the Pacific island communities dependent on fisheries and aquaculture for food security and livelihood

Effects of Climate Change on Fish and Shellfish 2019-03-06

Atmosphere and Climate Coastal and Marine climate change effects coastal fisheries fisheries marine invetebrates marine vetebrates shellfish

In the Pacific Islands region, fish and invertebrates (specifically shellfish) fulfill important ecological roles in coastal and oceanic habitats, and many species are targeted by fisheries, making vital contributions to food security, livelihoods, government revenue and cultural heritage. This report discusses how climate change is expected to have profound effects on the status and distribution of coastal and oceanic habitats, the fish and invertebrates they support and, as a result, the productivity of fisheries and aquaculture

Monitoring and Management of the humphead wrasse 2019-02-25

Coastal and Marine destructive fishing fisheries management humphead wrasse marine resources overfishing

The humphead wrasse Cheilinus undulatus is a small but important part of the international trade in live reef food fish, being one of the highest species in unit value. The main threats of the live reef food fish trade to the sustainability of the species are overfishing and the effects of destructive fishing on the target species, non-target species and on the reef environment. In this context this report discusses the core elements of a management system for humphead wrasse, making considerations about major fisheries management objectives, management measures, enforcement, monitoring and fisheries assessment.

Effects of Climate Change on Extreme Events 2019-03-06

Atmosphere and Climate climate change extreme events pacific cmss

Pacific Island Commonwealth Member States (Pacific CMSs) are highly vulnerable to climate change (high confidence; robust evidence, high agreement). Impacts of climate change on extreme events relevant to Pacific CMSs vary, dependent on the magnitude, frequency, and temporal and spatial extent of the event, as well as on the biophysical nature of the island and its social, economic, and political setting (high confidence). This paper assesses the impacts of climate change on extreme events on nine Pacific CMSs – Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu.

The Wealth of Islands : Global Call for Conservation 2006 2018-05-28

Land Biodiversity 2006 biodiversity loss convention of biological diversity diversity drivers islands livelihoods millenium ecosystems assessment threats wealth

This brochure drew significantly from a technical publication by Deda et al. (submitted for publication to Natural Resources Forum), the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment report on Island Systems by Wong et al. 2005, the report of the Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group on Island Biodiversity, which met in Tenerife in 2004 and the draft programme of work on island biodiversity adopted by the Subsidiary Body for Scientifc, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA) at its tenth meeting in 2005

78 Development Bulletin 2018-05-29

Built Environment Culture and Heritage 2017 cities development development bulletin governance land access pacific pacific way policy politics settlements urban urban services urbinisation

The Development Bulletin has, for 28 years, been the journal of the Development Studies Network based at the Australian National University. It is an occasional publication providing at least one issue a year. The journal includes commissioned and submitted papers and is available in hard copy or online for free download. Each issue focuses on a specific, topical development theme providing a multi-disciplinary perspective on a range of opinions on development activities, theories, and research. The papers in DB are short and concise with a word limit of 3,500. Authors include academics, non academics, development professionals, those working in non government and government organisations, consultants, teachers, community leaders, politicians and students of development. The 78 issues of Development Bulletin are available online. Together, they provide a valuable history of social and economic development, development theory, policy, practice and development studies.

InforMEA - United Nations Information Portal on Multilateral Environmental Agreements 2018-11-26

Atmosphere and Climate Land Biodiversity Coastal and Marine agreements informea multilateral environment agreements online course pull treaties

InforMEA provides easy access to information on Multilateral Environmental Agreements. It is an initiative facilitated by the United Nations Environment Programme and supported by the European Union. It seeks to develop Inter-operable information systems for the benefit of the (MEA) Parties and the environment community at large.
This dataset provides direct links to:
1. "Pacific Islands" - related data on the InforMEA portal. For country-specific information, please type name of country on the InforMEA portal search tool.
2. Free online courses

Pacific Islands Regional Marine Species 2019-02-07

Coastal and Marine dolphin dugong eez marine species migratory species pacific ocean turtle whale

The Marine Species Programme of the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) outlines a regional strategy for the cooperative conservation and management of dugongs, marine turtles, whales and dolphins. This strategy will enable Pacific Islanders to take a primary role in achieving the following vision:

"A healthy Pacific Ocean with sustainable populations of whales, dolphins, marine turtles, dugongs and other species, and meets the aspirations of Pacific Island peoples and protects their natural and cultural heritage"

State of Conservation Reports - Territories 2019-04-25

Biodiversity Coastal and Marine Inland Waters conservation french polynesia guam indicators northern mariana islands pitcairn islands regional regional soe soe state of conservation reports tokelau wallis and futuna

For the Ninth Pacific Islands Conference on Nature Conservation and Protected Areas December 2013, the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) commissioned an assessment of the status of biodiversity and conservation in Oceania.

This dataset holds all the reports that assesses the overall state of conservation in;

  • Guam

  • French Polynesia

  • Northern Mariana Islands

  • Tokelau

  • Wallis and Futuna

  • Pitcairn Islands

These reports weren't published but were sent to country for checking (2013) - to be used for the Regional SOE initiative 2019

Strategic Plan for the Conservation and Management of Marine Resources in the Pacific region 2019-02-25

Coastal and Marine fisheries marine management marine resources marine resources strategic plan noaa pacific islands region strategic plan

This Strategic Plan provides an integrated overview of a science based to living marine resource conservation and management in the Pacific Islands Region. The goals and objectives reflect here also generally reflect NOAA Fisheries national goals with appropriate acknowledgements of the unique cultural, historical, geographical and ecological features that characterize the people and living marine resources of the region

InterRidge Vents Database 2018-11-20

Coastal and Marine active vent hydrothermal interridge global submarine vent vent

Direct internet link to the InterRidge Global Database of active submarine hydro-thermal vent fields. The database includes a vocabulary of vent field names and information that may be useful in mapping, including position (latitude, longitude), depth, region, tectonic setting category, national jurisdiction, and ocean. Additional information in the database includes names of individual vent sites within vent fields, spreading rate for those vent fields at spreading centers, maximum temperature or temperature category (high or low) for active vent fields, and notes on site description, deposit type, host rock, and biology for some of the vent fields.

Pacific experiences with modalities relevant for Climate Change Financing 2019-04-28

Atmosphere and Climate climate change climate change finance climate financing climate funds finances forum secretariat modalities

The Forum Secretariat in collaboration with a number of Member countries, Council of Regional Organisations in the Pacific (CROP) and development partners is exploring a range of modalities, approaches and enabling environments that might assist countries to more effectively harness climate change resources and implement them to address national priorities. A number of these modalities are already being implemented or explored in the region and provide a practical experience to draw from -

This booklet therefore presents a compilation of some of these practical experiences and has been contributed to by a number of countries and partners in the region.

Aichi Biodiversity Targets - Quick Guide 2019-04-16

Biodiversity aichi biodiversity targets biodiversity targets

This document contains a set of quick guides on each of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets. The guides provide an overview of the main issues addressed under each target. They aim to provide Parties and other stakeholders with an introduction to each of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets by quickly introducing key terms, highlighting some of the implications for national target setting, providing guiding questions for consideration as part of national target setting exercises, providing ideas for preliminary national actions, identifying possible indicators to monitor progress and identifying further resources.

Biology and Impacts of Pacific Island Invasive Species - Golden Crownbeard 2019-02-25

Biodiversity golden crownbeard herbaceous plants invasive plants verbesina encelioides

Verbesina encelioides, a gray, golden crownbeard, is a sunflower-like herbaceous annual plant ranging in height from 0.3 to 1.7 m with showy yellow flowers. It is native to the southwestern United States, the Mexican Plateau, and other parts of tropical America. Its invasive characteristics include high seed production (as many as 300–350 seeds per flower and multiple flowers per plant), seed dormancy, ability to tolerate dry conditions, and possible allelopathic effects. Many other Pacific islands with similar habitats could be invaded by V. encelioides

This research stresses out that Verbesina encelioides can be controlled via herbicides or mechanical means, but measures must be repeated due to the presence of persistent seed banks. Further research on V. encelioides is needed to understand its population dynamics, allelopathic properties, and impacts on natural ecosystems.

Large Marine Ecosystems Status and Trends - Summary for Policy Makers 2019-02-26

Coastal and Marine Inland Waters ecosystem trans-boundary water system twap

The water systems of the world — aquifers, lakes, rivers, large marine ecosystems, and open ocean — sustain the
biosphere and underpin the health and socioeconomic well-being of the world’s population. Many of these systems are shared by two or more nations. Recognizing the value of trans-boundary water systems, and the reality that many of them continue to be over-exploited and degraded, and managed in fragmented ways, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) initiated the Trans-boundary Waters Assessment Programme (TWAP). The Programme aims to provide a baseline assessment to identify and evaluate changes in these water systems caused by human activities and natural processes, as well as the consequences these changes may have on the human populations dependent upon them.

EIA Guidelines for Coastal Tourism Development in Pacific Island Countries and Territories 2019-02-18

Built Environment coastal tourism development eia emp environment environmental impact assessment green growth targets guideline impact assessment pacific region tourism

Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is a tool that is used to assess and manage individual development projects, with an aim of maximising positive benefits and minimising negative impacts for local communities and their environment. When used effectively, EIA can help to support the achievement of green growth targets, climate change resilience, and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

This EIA is for the purpose of guiding tourism operations towards responsible planning, development and management of coastal tourism, to help ensure that the sector does not degrade important coastal areas, and that it makes a positive overall contribution to Pacific island countries and territories.

Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation, Mitigation and Indigenous People 2019-02-17

Atmosphere and Climate adaptation climate change environmental change indigenous communities indigenous people mitigation resilience

This compendium presents a wide-ranging overview of more than 400 projects, case studies and research activities specifically related to climate change and Indigenous Peoples. It provides a sketch of the climate and environmental changes, local observations and impacts being felt by communities in different regions, and outlines various adaptation and mitigation strategies that are currently being implemented by Indigenous Peoples

Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies (APPS) Working Paper Series 04/2013 October 2013 2018-05-29

Built Environment Culture and Heritage 2013 asia assessment club theory pacific pacific island countries policy studies political economy regionalism sids small island developing states

This research is part of the Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies (APPS) Working Paper Series 04/ published October 2013. The Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies is a peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal that targets research in policy studies in Asia and the Pacific. The Journal aims to break down barriers across disciplines and generate policy impact. Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies has funding support from the aid agency of the Australian Government’s development assistance agency, AusAID, and commissions research in areas of particular interest to the Journal's editors and AusAID.

State of Conservation in Oceania - Regional Report 2018-12-12

Biodiversity biodiversity climate change conservation ecosystem environmental governance habitats indicators oceania over-exploitation species

This report assesses the overall state of conservation in the Pacific Islands region of Oceania, that is, the 21 countries and territories covered by SPREP plus Pitcairn Island. The report uses an analysis of 16 indicators chosen in consultation with SPREP and based on the Global Biodiversity Indicator project (http://www.bipindicators.net). The indicators used are those considered to best provide an overview of the key issues facing conservation in Oceania, whilst recognizing the need to use indicators for which a reasonable amount of information was thought to be available. The indicators provide information about the state of ecosystems and species, pressures acting upon these ecosystems and species, and what action is being taken to halt further loss or degradation and improve long-term sustainability.

Publisher: Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme Contact Point: Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme Source: Tuvalu Environment Data Portal

Niutao Port Harbor 2019-02-12

Biodiversity Built Environment Coastal and Marine 2018 adb boat harbor cardno eia emp environment iee infrastructure mct niutao oimip port harbor tuvalu

The project. The Outer Island Maritime Infrastructure Project – Additional Financing (the project) will continue the efforts of the Government of Tuvalu (the government) with support from Asian Development Bank (ADB) to rehabilitate and improve maritime infrastructure on outer islands. The Outer Islands Maritime Infrastructure Project is improving infrastructure on Nukulaelae, Nanumaga and Niutao which was damaged by Tropical Cyclone Pam in March 2015. The government has requested ADB to provide additional financing for: (i) cost overruns resulting from contract variations and foreign exchange fluctuations; and (ii) provision of passenger facilities at Nukulaelae and construction of a small boat harbor at Niutao.
The original project is financing (i) a small boat harbour construction in Nukulaelae and rehabilitating boat ramps in Nanumaga and Niutao, (ii) institutional strengthening for government’s asset management focusing on the sustainability of project deliveries, and (iii) the preparation of transport master planning. The ongoing project is being successfully implemented with all contracts awarded for the works, the project support and master planning, and project management staff have been awarded. There are no docking facilities on Niutao for either of the three government-owned ships or the small workboats used to transfer people and cargo from the ship to the shore. Passenger transfers between vessels are often dangerous while movement of cargo is very labour intensive and carried in manageable pieces though the water to the shore. The small workboat harbour will involve the dredging of a new channel and turning bay for the work boats. The construction of breakwaters involve using precast concrete elements, with wharf and jetty raised on piles to reduce the impact on coastal processes within the reef environment. There will be ancillary buildings for cargo near the jetty to assist in the safe movement of passengers and cargo from the land to the ship.

Anthropogenic Impacts on Water quality of the lagoonal coast of Fongafale Islet 2019-02-11

Inland Waters anthropogenic impacts coastal conservation escherichia coli fongafale islet redox septic tank waste water water water pollution

This paper investigates the water quality of the densely populated lagoonal coasts in Fongafale Islet, and the occurrence of water pollution. A comparison was then made with less populated natural coast in the islet. The primary pollution sources and pollution mechanism were identified. Through this investigation, the need for effective water quality control measures for coastal conservation is demonstrated.

Te Kaeega III 2019-02-11

Biodiversity development national strategy for sustainable development 2016 to 2020 plan sustainable

In TKIII, three ideas form the basis for strategic
planning. The first is that TKIII methods and targets
are based on:
1)
Tuvalu’s own development perceptions and
needs,
which are linked with the
UN SDGs
,
the SIDS
Samoa Pathway
, and the UNFCCC’s
Paris Agreement
(the successor to the Kyoto
Protocol), to be adopted in April 2016;
2)
a commitment by knowledgeable public
officials under the terms and conditions of their
appointments to give advice to the best of their
professional ability; and
3)
political leaders who have constitutional
decision-making authority to act in the
country’s best interest.

Bathymetric Mapping Survey on all nine atolls of Tuvalu 2019-02-08

Coastal and Marine bathymetry funafuti geomorphology marine survey mbes multibeam echosounder nanumaga nanumea niulakita niutao nui nukufetau nukulaelae oceanography seabed seafloor submarine landslide vatupu water depths

This report describes the high-resolution bathymetric mapping survey carried out in 2004. The survey achieved good coverage of the seafloor from approximately 10 m depth in the nearshore reef slope area, to an average offshore depth of some 2000 m, at an average slope angle of 2. The objective was to investigate the seabed and provide information about water depths around the islands using a multibeam echosounder (MBES).

Rainfall Trends, Drought Frequency and La Niña in Tuvalu 2019-02-08

Atmosphere and Climate de-trended rainfall drought la nina rainfall sea surface temperature seasonal cycle

This study addresses rainfall trends, the frequency of droughts, La Niña influences and the relationship between rainfall and Sea Surface Temperature (SST) in Tuvalu. The findings revealed that;

  • de-trended rainfall time series show declining trends in all four rainfall stations over the period 1953-2012;

  • the frequency of drought ranges from three to fourteen years with a mean of nine years

  • the occurrence of drought appears to follow the La Niña years

  • boplots provide an effective option for defining drought

  • there is empirical support for a moderate to strong correlation between the de-trended values of SST and rainfall in the area of study

Perceived Major Threats to Island Biodiversity 2019-01-30

Biodiversity biodiversity funafuti nanumaga nanumea niutao threats

Perceived threats can be summarised as arising from deleterious human actions and negative attitudes to the environment, leading to inappropriate behaviour, such as littering, over-fishing and hunting, using fishing nets and modern fishing method, the use of guns and the introduction of pests; the use of inappropriate technologies, such as solid and liquid waste water disposal systems; uncontrolled use of resources and control of livestock; increasing consumption patterns, arising from increases in human populations, demands and changing lifestyles; institutional weaknesses; ignorance and lack of knowledge; natural factors and climate change.

Vaitupu 2019 Tide Predictions Calendar 2019-01-28

Atmosphere and Climate Coastal and Marine tide tide calender vaitupu

The Annual Tide Predictions Calendars are a popular product of the Australian-funded Climate and Ocean Support Program in the Pacific (COSPPac). The Pacific Community (SPC) has been designing and producing the tide prediction calendars over the past 3 years in partnership with the Australian Bureau of Meteorology.

The new predictions for Vaitupu were calculated using tide gauge data collected by SPC in 2015 under the European Union-funded Climate and Abstraction Impact Assessment (CAIA) project.

National Implementation Plan (NIP) for the Stockholm Convention on POPs 2019-01-21

Built Environment hazardous waste national action plan persistent organic pollutants pops stockholm convention upops

Although Tuvalu has no history of manufacturing persistent organic pollutants (POPs), this data-set consists of;

  1. the first report (2008) that represents the first stepping stone for the country to outline strategies in order to meet its obligations under the Stockholm Convention, also given the chemical nature, including long range environmental transport of POPs that is a global concern.

  2. The Tuvalu National Action Plan to reduce releases of unintentional persistent organic pollutants (u-POPs) 2018 - 2022